Robert Shanks, appointed as an independent director, served as executive vice president and CFO at Ford Motor Company from April 2012 through December 2019, when he retired. Prior to that, Mr. Shanks was vice president and controller at Ford. He was appointed a corporate officer of Ford in July 2004, when he was elected to the position of vice president, Operations Support, Finance and Strategy, Ford of Europe and Premier Automotive Group (PAG). Prior to that, Mr. Shanks was CFO for PAG, as well as for Mazda Motor Corporation. In addition to other finance function in Taiwan’s Ford Lio Ho Motor Company and business development activities in Ford’s Asia-Pacific operations. Mr. Shanks has a bachelor’s degree in Foreign Service from Georgetown University and a master’s degree in International Management from the American Graduate School of International Management.